Chicken Parmigiana

Chicken Parmigiana

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Chicken Parmigiana

Close up of tray of Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan), fresh out of the oven

Chicken Parmigiana (or Chicken Parmesan) – the great pub favourite has finally landed! Pollo alla parmigiana in Italian, but affectionately referred by Aussies as Parma, Parmi or “a schnitty with tomato sauce and cheese”, you’ll love this homemade recipe with extra crispy schnitzel, best ever parmigiana sauce and juicy marinated chicken.

Abbreviate the name as much as you want. But don’t abbreviate the recipe!

Close up of tray of Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan), fresh out of the oven

Chicken Parmigiana

Aussies love good pub grub. But all too often, the standard pub Parmi comes with soggy crumbing, dry chicken, a sub-par tomato sauce and greasy melted cheese.

This homemade version puts those to shame. My secrets?

  1. Layers upon layers of seasoning on and in the chicken, the egg wash, the crumbing, and the sauce;
  2. MARINADE the chicken to keep it juicy throughout the double cook;
  3. Extra crispy schnitzel – nobody likes a soggy schnitzel!
  4. Extra flavourful sauce thanks to a splash of white wine and chicken stock, finished with a sprinkle of fresh basil.

Are you ready for the best Chicken Parmigiana of your life?? Here we go!

(And guess what? This recipe includes a bonus NO FRY version. Impossibly golden and crunchy!)

Cheese pull - picking up Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Piece of Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan) cut open to show how juicy the chicken is inside

Part 1: Dry brine marinade for chicken

The first step is to make sure the chicken stays juicy after the double cook (fry + bake) because this essentially overcooks the chicken. Schnitzel-thin chicken take just 4 minutes to cook – we want to fry for 4 minutes THEN bake for 15 minutes to make that cheese molten!

So we’re using a simple dry brine that acts as a marinade to keep the chicken juicy. Dry brine is better than the typical liquid marinades because they will cause the chicken to leech liquid as it cooks, making the crumb soggy.

What you need for the dry brine

All you need for this dry brine is salt, pepper and an Italian herb mix. Nice and easy – and works like magic!

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

  • Chicken – I like to use breast for ease because once cut horizontally, it forms 2 perfect steaks even without pounding. Boneless thighs works just as well and is in fact juicier, but you’ll need to pound them so they’re even thickness all over;
  • Salt and pepper – the salt on the chicken acts like a typical chicken marinade, trapping moisture in the flesh so the chicken is extra juicy and moist once cooked. The pepper and herbs will infuse with subtle flavour; and
  • Italian Mixed Herbs – purchased pre mixed from any grocery store. See recipe for alternatives and substitutions. Not the end of the world to leave it out.

Dry brine is essential for juicy chicken parmigiana! It’s simple and quick, so don’t skip this step.


How to dry brine chicken

To dry brine the chicken, all you do is split chicken breast in half to form thin schnitzel steaks, sprinkle both sides with the salt, pepper and herbs, then set aside for a mere 30 minutes. It only takes 30 minutes because the chicken slices are so thin.

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Dry brine marinade for juicy Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

The Parmigiana tomato sauce is often an afterthought – or worse still, cheap jars of pasta sauce. Don’t fall into that trap!

Part 2: Parmigiana Sauce

While the chicken is brining, make the sauce. I like to make the sauce extra flavourful with a splash of white wine (evaporated to remove alcohol and just leave flavour – no trace of winey taste at all) and chicken stock/broth.

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

  • Tomato passata – this is pureed, strained pure tomatoes, sometimes labelled Tomato Puree in the US (here’s a photo of Mutti Tomato Passata sold at Walmart). Readily available in Australian supermarkets nowadays, alongside pasta sauces. I prefer using tomato passata because it makes a perfect thick, smooth sauce – no need to cook crushed tomato for ages so it breaks down;
  • Garlic and onion – essential flavour base;
  • Italian mixed herbs – for a hint of herby flavour. See recipe for alternatives and substitutions;
  • White wine and chicken stock/broth – optional extras for extra flavour!
  • Chilli flakes (red pepper flakes) – for the slightest background hint of warmth! Entirely optional.

How to make Chicken Parmigiana Sauce

Nothing ground breaking in the method, but it’s worth noting that the sauce is a thick saucy consistency, not a stodgy dry dolloping consistency (which kind of defeats the purpose of having delicious tomato sauce smothered on our Parmi!).

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

This is what the sauce should look like:

Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan) Tomato Sauce in a saucepan

Part 3: Crumbing!

Referred to as breading in the US – and given it’s called bread crumbs, I feel like both “crumbing” AND “breading” make sense!

Here’s what you need for the crumbing. It’s a classic schnitzel…but with extra flavour from the parmesan, herbs and garlic!

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

  • Flour – for dusting. This first followed by egg = strong glue for the breadcrumbs;
  • Garlic and Italian dried herbs – to mix into the egg for extra subtle flavour. Layers upon layers of flavour, all throughout this parmi!
  • Panko breadcrumbs – Panko breadcrumbs are larger than normal breadcrumbs so your schnitzel will be crispier. Find it next to ordinary breadcrumbs or in the Asian aisle (pro tip: cheaper at Asian markets!);
  • Parmesan – I like using the sand-like store bought parmesan because the grains are bigger than grating your own which = more bold flavour. Parmesan in crumbing is a traditional Italian method for schnitzels. It adds sensational extra flavour into the schnitzel as well as making it more golden AND crispier. When parmesan is cooked, it is very crispy!

How to crumb Chicken Parmigiana

Here’s how the crumbing goes down – flour then egg then breadcrumbs. Pile them up, ready to fry! (Or BAKE!)

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Making Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Part 4: Frying (or baking!)

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Amount of oil to use

You don’t need to deep fry chicken parmigiana. Just shallow fry is fine – it doesn’t matter if you get some brown spots from the chicken touching the base of the skillet/pot because it gets covered in sauce.

You just need enough oil to get the breadcrumbs super crispy – you can get away with using as little  as 1.5cm / 1/2″ of oil though 2cm / 3/4″ is ideal.

How long it takes to cook chicken parmigiana

Schnitzel thin chicken takes 4 minutes max to cook through so it’s golden and crispy on the outside, and just cooked on the inside. In fact, it doesn’t matter if it’s not cooked through because it will definitely finish cooking in the oven.

Cooking Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

Heads up: Far too many Parmigiana recipes that tell you to fry chicken for closer to 10 minutes then bake for 20 minutes! That’s the surefire path to dry chicken breast. Don’t do it!

PRO TIP: Drain chicken on a RACK not on paper towels. It is extra insurance to keep the base super crispy!

How to BAKE rather than fry

For the most impossibly golden and crunchy BAKED chicken schnitzel, toast the breadcrumbs first per the Crunchy Baked Chicken Tenders recipe. Then crumb per this Chicken Parmigiana recipe, spray with oil and bake at 200°C/390°F for 15 minutes. It will look like this (these are the Chicken Tenders – breast will look the same on the outside):

Came out just like the picture! Everyone went mad over these - will be making them over and over!

5. Smother and bake!

Alrighty – on the home stretch here!! Time to smother and bake:

How to make Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

  1. Sauce – Top with sauce, covering about 80% of the surface (leaving some crunchy exposed bits!). At this stage, I also like to sprinkle with a bit of fresh basil;
  2. Mozzarella AND parmesan – Pile mounds of mozzarella on top – I find that shredded melts more nicely than slices, but slices work too. Or fresh mozzarella (torn into pieces). Then sprinkle with parmesan (more flavour!) and drizzle with olive oil (to ensure parmesan melts nicely rather than crispy);
  3. BAKE for a mere 15 minutes, just so the cheese melts and you get some small brown spots. Do not bake further than you need to – this leads to dry chicken (though you can sit back smugly with the knowledge that yours is brined so it’s extra juicy) AND makes the crust totally soggy under the sauce (quick 15 minutes bake = crumbing under sauce is still a bit crispy which is unheard of!)
  4. Finish with a fresh sprinkle of basil then serve immediately!

Overhead photo of Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan) on a tray, fresh out of the oven

And there you have it. The best Chicken Parmigiana of your life, made in your very own kitchen!!

That moment when you cut through the molten melted cheese, then you see some tomato sauce squirting out the side, then your knife hits the chicken which you can instantly tell just by feel is so juicy, and that first bite……

UGH! I’m torturing myself describing this!!


What to serve with Chicken Parmigiana

With the cheesy tomatoey flavours going on here, I really enjoy serving this with a fairly plain leafy salad dressed with Balsamic Dressing. Otherwise, choose a Vegetable Side dish based on what you dig up after rummaging around in your fridge!

And for a blow-out Italian feast, don’t forget Garlic Bread…. then wrap it up with Tiramisu. Or if you’re after a more simple dessert, try one of these:

Close up of Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan) with a garden side salad

This Chicken Parmigiana is worth the effort.

I know Chicken Parmigiana requires more effort than the usual quick ‘n easy meals. But trust me, it is worth it.

This is better than your standard pub grub. The secret lies in the layers upon layers of flavour and seasoning which, individually, sound like nothing special but together make for a memorable Parmi. The parmesan in the crumbing. The pinch of dried herbs in the marinade, the egg wash and again in the sauce. The little sprinkle of fresh basil on the sauce.

Then add the extra little tips that elevates it to better than your run-of-the-mill recipes: using tomato passata instead of crushed tomato, mounds of shredded cheese instead of slices, and leaving the schnitzel edges clear of sauce so they stay 100% crispy…

It is these little things that collectively make for an epic eating experience, one that I dare say money-can’t-buy except perhaps at the very best old school Italian restaurants.

I hope you treasure this recipe as much as I do! – Nagi x


Watch how to make it

Chicken Parmigiana (Chicken Parmesan)

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Chicken Parmigiana

Recipe video above. Known as Chicken Parmesan in the US, the three key things that makes this the best Parmi you’ll ever have in your life are: layers upon layers on seasoning, dry brining for the most juicy chicken ever, and extra crispy chicken. Because I’ll never understand why you’d go to the trouble of making crispy crumbed chicken if the whole thing goes soggy when smothered in tomato sauce!

Bonus baked option in Note 10. So golden and crunchy it will blow your mind!

Course Mains
Cuisine Italian, Western
Keyword chicken parmesan, chicken parmigiana, parmi
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 40 minutes
Marinating 30 minutes
Servings 6
Author Nagi

Ingredients

Brined Chicken Marinade (Note 1):

  • 3 chicken breasts (300g/10z each) , halved horizontally to form 6 pieces (Note 2)
  • 1 tsp salt , cooking / kosher (or 3/4 tsp table salt, Note 3)
  • 1/2 tsp black pepper
  • 1/2 tsp Italian mixed herbs (Note 4)

Flour dusting:

  • 1/3 cup flour , plain/all purpose

Egg Dredge:

  • 2 eggs
  • 1/4 tsp each salt and pepper
  • 1/4 tsp Italian mixed herbs (Note 4)

Parmigiana Bread Crumbing:

  • 1 1/2 cups panko breadcrumbs (sub normal, Note 5)
  • 1/2 cup parmesan , finely grated (store bought sand-like is best) (Note 6)
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/4 tsp black pepper

Frying:

  • 2 cups olive oil (or vegetable or canola)

Parmigiana Pasta Sauce:

  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • 2 garlic cloves , finely minced
  • 1/4 cup onion or eschallots , very finely chopped (Note 7)
  • 1/4 tsp red pepper flakes (chilli flakes), optional
  • 1/4 tsp Italian mixed herbs (Note 4)
  • 1/4 cup white wine , anything (optional, Note 10)
  • 400g / 14 oz tomato passata (aka tomato puree) (Note 8)
  • 1/2 cup chicken stock/broth (or water)
  • 1/4 tsp each salt and pepper

Layering:

  • 10 basil leaves , roughly chopped (sub pinch of dried – or omit)
  • 2 cups mozzarella cheese , shredded (or enough slices to cover)
  • 3/4 cup parmesan , finely grated (best to grate your own, Note 6)
  • 1 tbsp extra virgin olive oil

Garnish (optional)

  • 5 basil leaves , roughly chopped

Instructions

Dry Brine Chicken:

  • Sprinkle both sides of chicken with salt, pepper and Italian herbs. Refrigerate for 30 minutes.

Parmigiana Tomato Sauce:

  • Heat oil in a saucepan over medium heat. Add garlic and onion, cook for 3 minutes until onion is translucent.
  • Add red pepper flakes and herbs, stir for 15 seconds. Add wine, turn up heat and let it simmer rapidly until mostly evaporated and winey smell is gone.
  • Add tomato, chicken stock, salt and pepper. Cover, then simmer 10 minutes on low until thickened. Cover and keep warm.

Crumbing:

  • Preheat oven to 180°C/350°F.
  • Crumbing set up: Spread flour out in a shallow bowl. Whisk Egg Dredge in a separate shallow bowl. Mix Crumbing ingredients in a third shallow bowl or pan.
  • Dredge & crumb: Press both sides of chicken into flour, then shake off excess. Coat in egg, letting excess drip off, then place in Crumbing, pressing to adhere.
  • Transfer to plate and repeat with remaining chicken.

Frying (Note 10 for baked option):

  • Line a tray with paper towels and place rack on tray.
  • Heat 1.5 – 2cm / 2/3″ oil in a skillet over medium high heat to 180°C/350°F (Note 9).
  • Carefully place 2 or 3 pieces of chicken in. Cook 2 minutes until underside is golden, then carefully turn and cook the other side for 1 1/2 minutes.
  • Transfer to rack, then repeat with remaining chicken. (Note 12 – oil clean and reuse)

Assembling & baking:

  • Place chicken on a tray. Spoon 1/3 cup sauce over the chicken – cover around 80% of the chicken, leave the ends crispy.
  • Sprinkle sauce with basil, then mozzarella cheese (pile it on in mounds to use it all up), then sprinkle with parmesan. Drizzle oil over parmesan.
  • Bake 15 minutes until cheese is melted and there’s a few brown spots – no longer, otherwise chicken will overcook.
  • Remove from oven, sprinkle with extra basil if desired. Serve immediately (with leftover Tomato Sauce, if you’d like!)

Notes

1. Brined chicken for juiciness – essential to keep chicken juicy through the double cook (which technically overcooks the chicken!). Dry brining works like a wet marinade to trap moisture in the chicken so it will be beautifully juicy even after the double cook. We don’t want a wet marinade because water will leech out of the chicken and make the crumb soggy. Read in post for more information.

2. Chicken – works like a dream with boneless thighs as well, in fact it’s juicier! Pound to even thickness, use 6 pieces.

3. Salt – table salt is finer so by volume, you need less otherwise it will be too salty. Doesn’t matter with the other recipe components, but does matter for brining.

4. Mixed Italian Herbs – buy it premixed (it’s a standard dried herb) or use equal parts dried basil, parsley, oregano. Or just basil and/or parsley. Even without, it’s still excellent! But nice to have a touch of dried herbs in this, for extra special flavour.

5. Panko breadcrumbs – larger pieces than normal breadcrumbs which makes for a crunchier, less greasy crust. Can sub with normal, or make your own by blitzing stale bread.

6. Parmesan types:

  • Crumbing – I like using the sand-like store bought grated parmesan (from the fridge, not aisle. If it ain’t refrigerated, it ain’t cheese! 😂). The grains are larger than finely grating your own at home so you get better flavour pops in the crumb. But grating your own works just as well.

Don’t use store bought finely shredded parmesan that looks like tiny batons – they don’t stick on as well.

  • For topping – better finely grated yourself because it melts better – the sandy store bought stuff melts ok but will be a thicker layer and doesn’t meld in as well with the mozzarella.

7. Eschallots are also called French Onions. They are the small onions. They’re finer so they meld into the sauce better so you virtually can’t see them, for an extra smooth sauce. In contrast with normal onions, you will end up with tiny little bits – though softened, so it doesn’t really matter. I used onion in the video and photos.

8. Tomato passata –  pureed, strained pure tomatoes, sometimes labelled Tomato Puree in the US (here’s a photo of Mutti Tomato Passata sold at Walmart). Excellent for making smooth sauces quickly, rather than 30 minutes simmering to breakdown tomato chunks. Readily available in Australian supermarkets nowadays, alongside pasta sauces.

9. Oil temp – if you don’t have thermometer, check by dipping in end of chicken, it should sizzle immediately.

10. BAKED option – For the most impossibly golden and crunchy BAKED chicken schnitzel, toast the breadcrumbs first per the Crunchy Baked Chicken Tenders recipe. Then mix in the parmesan and crumb per this Chicken Parmigiana recipe (including flour and egg dredge), spray generously with oil and bake at 200°C/390°F for 15 minutes. Then proceed with this recipe!

11. Wine – best to use something dry, not too fruity and sweet (like some rieslings) and not too woody (like some chardonnays can be). I’m a sauvignon blanc and pinot gris gal – any will be great in this. But really, any white wine will work well OR red wine. Just 1/4 cup adds a special touch to the sauce!

12. Oil reuse – because the chicken seasoning is pretty subtle, the oil will be clean and suitable for re-use. Cool, then line a colander with paper towel then drain oil. Store for another use – see Fried Recipes. Not a massive collection, just my favourite recipes that I deem fry-worthy!

13. Storage – best eaten fresh for optimal eating experience as chicken goes soggy from sauce! Can crumb chicken ahead of time then refrigerate (up to 24 hrs max otherwise starts sweating, and keep leftover breadcrumbs, handy for patching up).

Cooked – best to keep cooked schnitzel separate from sauce. Cool then refrigerate. Blast the schnitzel in a 220C/390F oven for 3 – 5 minutes to get the outside crispy as possible (don’t go over this otherwise you’ll overcook the chicken), then top with sauce and cheese, bake.

14. Recipe source – an original recipe by yours truly, tweaked over the years! In particular the subtle layering of flavours is something I’ve learned from the professionals.

15. Nutrition – pending! Having some tech glitches today. Let’s just say it has more calories than a lettuce leaf.

Life of Dozer

RTE “HQ” new kitchen is nearing completion! Dozer is confused – he is used to tasty things emerging from ovens. Not just packing and instruction manuals!!

Dozer checking out new kitchen oven

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